It basically involves the topical application of an acidic solution that exfoliates the damaged surface of the skin. the solution enables controlled damage to the skin cells to aid the growth of the new dermal layer.
Peels contain a variety of ingredients. Although a wide variety of agents are used, some of the commonly used peeling agents are alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), which are primarily derived from fruits and include glycolic (sugarcane), citric (citrus fruits), lactic (sour milk), mandelic (almonds) and phytic (rice) acids.
Most professionals recommend that you understand the strength of the chemical peel that your doctor has suggested for you before you go in for the procedure. A peel is prescribed depending on your skin type, condition and medical history.
8 Type of Chemical peels, ingredients and its Purpose.
1) A Salicylic acid Peel
Salicylic acid peel is effective in improving overall facial texture becuase it exfoliates both the skin’s surface and within the pores without causing irritation.
It is primarily used for acne, but can also be used to clear up clogged pores.
2) Azelaic Acid Peel
Azelaic Acid Peel comprise an antibacterial acid that occurs naturally in wheat, rye and barley. It helps reduce the growth of bacteria in the follicles. This kind of peel is used to treat rosacea and sensitive skin.
3) Lactic acid peel
Lactic acid peel hydrates and protects, and is especially good for sensitive skin. The main ingredient is derived from sour milk and yoghurt.
4) Azelaic and phytic acids
Peels with a combination of azelaic and phytic acids are excellent for improving skin texture and reducing sun damage.
5) Jessner’s peel
Jessner’s peel is a solution made from salicylic, lactic and citric acid. It is used as peeling agent for epidermal exfoliation and regrowth. Jessner’s peel is useful for mild photo ageing textural changes. It results in the skin looking softer and smoother and helps it regain lost skin tone. texture and luminosity.
6) Glycolic peel
Glycolic Peel stimulates collagen production and speed up the natural renewal process. It is advised for those whose skin is showing signs of ageing and may also prove helpful for those prone to acne. Fine lines, brown spots and signs of solar keratoses can improve with regular application.
7) Salicylic and Mandelic acids
A combination of salicylic and mandelic acids, where salicylic acid is drying agent and mandelic acid is the bacteriostatic agent, works well to dry out active acne.
8) Glycolic and kojic acid
A combination of glycolic and kojic acid is great for skin rejuvenation. This formula is used to reduce acne scars.